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3. China-Hong Kong
What do they have in common? A Confucian culture. Even in America, Asian American students do well academically.
Foreigners may not realize how important studying is in the Asian family. Ever since Confucius taught about the importance of studying and opened a sort of a school, Confucian countries have put lots of importance on studying. The pressure is immense. In Singapore it is not uncommon for a parent to take a year off work to help their child to take the primary school leaving exam.The highest scoring candidates in exams become mandarins. Some popular Chinese saying shows how important it is:
1. All trades are lowly except for studying
2. Study hard and you will find great wealth and a beautiful wife in the books
Ahem. Certainly very chauvinistic. But this is ancient China after all.
There is of course a huge downside: children who have poor grades think they are failures. A lot of children, even those who are successful in the system, are burnt out by the time they enter university and end up hating lifelong learning.
Doing well in life requires more than just grades, and it may shock those top scorers when they start working and learn that grit, determination, EQ, connections and pure luck are far more important. I do try to teach my children those things as well.